Dog poisonous plants

Discussion in 'Health and Nutrition' started by Michele, Apr 23, 2012.

  1. Michele

    Michele Canine Chat Owner Staff Member

    Mar 14, 2010
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    Dog Poisonous Plants

    Dog poisonous plants include many types of common house plants. Many plants that dogs like to chew can unfortunately be poisonous.

    If you dog eats part of plant, and you aren't sure if it is a dog poisonous plant, look inside the dog's mouth and see if you notice any soars forming or excessive drooling. Run water into its mouth using a slow stream like from a hose. If you are indoors use a turkey baster with the idea to rinse the mouth and remove any toxins from the plan.

    Your next step is to immediately call a veterinarian or emergency care hospital for advice.
    If you can't immediately reach a vet call the ASPCA poison control center. They are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. A fee of $60 may be charged to your credit card. If you think that your pet may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, make the call that can make all the difference: (888) 426-4435.
    Symptoms of Eating a Poisonous Plant for Dogs

    Symptoms associated with the most common varieties of toxic dog plants are listed here:
    - caustic or a burning effect in the mouth and throat
    - vomiting
    - diarrhea
    - heart arrhythias
    - kidney damage
    - liver damage
    - tremors
    - seizures

    Most Common Dog Poisonous Plants

    Amaryllis: This is an Easter plant that is toxic to dogs. It causes symptoms such as gastrointestinal problems (diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting) as well as hypersalivation, tremors and avoidance of food (anorexia).
    Autumn Crocus: This poison plants dog causes problems such as organ damage, bone marrow problems, vomiting with blood, diarrhea and shock. It can also irritate the dog's mouth.
    Azalea/Rhododendron: These types of poison plants dog contain grayantoxins. It causes symptoms such as drooling, diarrhea, vomiting and central nervous system problems. It can lead to death or a coma.
    Castor Bean: The toxin in castor bean is ricin, which can cause abdominal pain, lossof appetite, diarrhea and vomiting. A severe case can lead to death, coma, seizures, tremors, muscle twitching and dehydration.
    The Castor Oil Plant is one of the highly toxic dog poisonous plants
    Chrysanthemum: These plants contain the dog poison pyrethrin. This toxin can cause gastrointestinal problems (vomiting, diarrhea) and drooling. It can also lead to depression and coordination problems.
    Cyclamen: The roots of this plant contain cyclamine, a dog poison. Symptoms including gastrointestinal problems and vomiting. In some cases it can cause death.
    English Ivy (branching, glacier, needlepoint, sweetheart California):These ivy varieties are all dog poisonous plants. They contain the toxin triterpenoid saponins. Symptoms include gastrointestinal problems (diarrhea, abdominal pain) and hypersalivation.
    Kalanchoe: Like other dog poisonous plants, this plant causes gastrointestinal distress and well as heart problems such as problems with the rhythm and dog heart rate.
    Marijuana (hemp, hasish, hash): Dogs tend to avoid marijuana. It has a relatively low level of toxicity. Eating cannibis can effect the dogs central nervous system and result in a lack of coordination, diarrhea, drooling, fast heart beat, seizures and coma.
    Oleander: This is a very dog poisonous plant. The entire plant is a poison plants dog. It contains the toxin referred to as glycosides. Symptoms are gastrointestinal, heart function problems, hypothermia and in some cases it can cause sudden death.
    Peace Lily (AKA Mauna Loa Peace Lily): This plant has calcium oxalate crystals. If ingested by a dog it can cause mouth irritation, drooling, vomiting, swallowing problems and burning of the tongue and lips.
    Pothos (Scindapsus, Epipremnum): this plant causes the tissues in the mouth to become swollen. It can also upset the dogs gastrointestinal system.
    Sago Palm: This entire plant is toxic to dogs, with the most toxin in the seeds. Symptoms associated with ingestion of this plant include liver failure, seizures, vomiting, diarrhea and depression.
    Schefflera (Brassaia actinophylla): this also contains calcium oxalate crystals. This causes irritation in the mouth, and burning of the lips, tongue and mouth. Can also cause vomiting and drooling.
    Tulip/Narcissus bulbs: The bulb itself is a dog poisonous plant. Symptoms include gastrointestinal problems, drooling, appetite loss, nervous system problems and convulsions.
    Yew: This is a highly toxic dog poison plant that can cause death in dogs. The tonin taxine is in Yew, which causes problems such as heart problems, weakness, trembling, a lack of coordination and respiratory problems.

    Sources of dog poisonous plants pictures include:

    ASPCA Poison Control Website

    Cornell University Poisonous Plants Informational Database

    Guide to Poisonous or Toxic Plants for Dogs

    This is a list of the most common types of dog poisonous plants. It does NOT contain every possible variety.

    - Aloe
    - Amaryllis (vomiting, diarrhea, depression, appetite loss, tremors, drooling, abdominal pain)
    - Andromeda Japonica
    - Asian Lily (Liliaceae)
    - Asparagus Fern
    - Australian Nut
    - Autumn Crocus
    - Avocado
    - Azalea(weakness, upset stomach, drooling, heart failure, depression, possible coma)

    - Bird of Paradise
    - American Bittersweet
    - European Bittersweet
    - Branching Ivy
    - Buckeye
    - Buddist Pine
    - Caladium
    - Calla Lily
    - Castor Bean
    - Ceriman (aka Cutleaf Philodendron)
    - Charming
    - Diffenbachia
    - Chinaberry Tree
    - Chinese Evergreen
    - Christmas Rose
    - Christmas Tree Pine Needles (oral irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, trembling, posterior weakness)
    - Chrysanthemum (vomiting, diarrhea, depression, drooling, appetite loss)
    - Clematis
    - Cordatum
    - Corn Plant (aka Cornstalk Plant)
    - Cornstalk Plant (aka Corn Plant)
    - Cutleaf Philodendron (aka Ceriman)
    - Cycads
    - Cyclamen
    - Daffodil(severe gastrointestinal illness, convulsions, seizures, low blood pressure, tremors)
    - Day Lily
    - Devil's Ivy
    - Dumb Cane
    - Deadly Nightshade (See Nightshade)
    - Easter Lily
    - Easter Cactus (vomiting, diarrhea, depression)
    - Elephant Ears
    - Emerald Feather (aka Emerald Fern)
    - Emerald Fern (aka Emerald Feather)
    - English Ivy
    - Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron
    - Flamingo Plant
    - Florida Beauty
    - Foxglove
    - Fruit Salad Plant
    - Glacier Ivy
    - Gladiolas
    - Glory Lily
    - Gold Dieffenbachia
    - Gold Dust Dracaena
    - Golden Pothos
    - Green Gold Nephthysis
    - Hahn's self branching English Ivy
    - Heartleaf Philodendron
    - Heavenly Bamboo
    - Holly (intense vomiting, diarrhea, depression)
    - Horsehead Philodendron
    - Hurricane Plant
    - Hyacinth (intense vomiting, diarrhea, depression and tremors)
    - Hydrangea
    - Iris
    - Japanese Show Lily
    - Japanese Yew (also called Yew)
    - Jerusalem Cherry
    - Kalanchoe
    - Lace Fern
    - Lacy Tree
    - Lillies (vomiting, diarrhea, depression, kidney failure)- Lily of the Valley
    - Macadamia Nut
    - Madagascar Dragon Tree
    - Marble Queen
    - Marijuana
    - Mauna Loa Peace Lily (also called Peace Lily)
    - Mexican Breadfruit
    - Mistletoe "American" (vomiting and diarrhea, difficulty breathing, collapse, erratic behavior, hallucinations and death)
    - Morning Glory
    - Mother-in-Law
    - Mulch with Cocoa Beans mixed in (hyperactivity, muscle twitching, increased urination, excessive panting, increased heart rate and blood pressure levels, seizures)
    - Narcissus
    - Needlepoint Ivy
    - Nephthytis
    - Nightshade
    - Oleander (vomiting, heart failure, possible death)
    - Onion
    - Orange Day Lily
    - Panda

    - Peace Lily (also called Mauna Loa Peace Lily)
    - Philodendron Pertusum
    - Plumosa Fern
    - Poinsetta (irritation to the mouth and stomach, sometimes vomiting)
    - Precatory Bean
    - Queensland Nut
    - Red Emerald
    - Red Lily
    - Red-Margined Dracaena (also called Straight-Margined Dracaena)
    - Red Princess
    - Rhododendron
    - Ribbon Plant (Dracaena sanderiana)
    - Rubrum Lily
    - Saddle Leaf Philodendron
    - Sago Palm (vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures, liver failure)
    - Satin Pothos
    - Schefflera
    - Spotted Dumb Cane
    - Stargazer Lily
    - Striped Dracaena
    - Sweetheart Ivy
    - Swiss Cheese Plant
    - Taro Vine
    - Tiger Lily
    - Tomato Plant
    - Tree Philodendron
    - Tropic Snow Dumbcane
    - Tulip (intense vomiting, depression, diarrhea, drooling, appetite loss)
    - Variable Dieffenbachia
    - Variegated Philodendron
    - Warneckei Dracaena
    - Wood Lily
    - Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow
    - Yew (also called Japanese Yew)
    - Yucca

    Are Poinsettia Plants Harmful to Dogs?

    The poinsettia or Christmas plant has a relatively low toxicity rating when compared to other dog poisonous plants. That said, you should try and keep it away from your dog to avoid any symptoms.
    Typical symptoms of this dog Christmas plant, if ingested, includes stomach irritation, skin irritation, plus mouth and eye irritation. Other signs include head-shaking, salivation or drooling, or trying to rub the mouth or eyes with the paws. The irritation is caused by the sap.
    To help, wash the sap off of the dog. If you see any symptoms that affect the dogs eyes, call your veterinarian, or if the symptoms do not go away in a few minutes.
    Debbie likes this.
  2. AnnieTheGolden

    AnnieTheGolden New Pup

    Oct 9, 2019
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    Great and highly informative article. This must be the most extensive list of poison plants I've seen so far.
    I love specifically seeing Hydrangeas here as it is rarely found on other websites. Here's an article stating some of the reasons why hydrangeas are poisonous:

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